Leishmaniosis (Kala azar)
Leishmaniosis (Kala azar) is a very common fatal disease that affects the dog and particularly the cells that are associated with the body's defenses. The disease is transmitted with the bite of Phlevotomus sandfly (gnat), which is infected with the virus-protozoan Leismania Donovani.
Dirofilariasis (Heartworm disease)
The heartworm is a fatal parasitic disease caused by the presence of adult worms of the nematode parasite Dirofiralia immitis in the heart. The disease is transmitted by infected mosquitoes (vectors).
Ehrlichiosis is a serious and insidious disease of the dog which is transmitted by the bite of infected ticks (vectors). The disease is caused by the microorganism Ehrlichia, which multiplies in blood cells and gradually destroys them.
Tapeworms are a common and serious disease for dogs and cats. It can be transmitted by an infected flea or lice (vectors), which are the most common hosts of the disease. A contaminated flea or lice may be swallowed by the dog or cat when it gets self-cleaned with its tongue.
Lyme Disease is a multisyste disorder caused by the bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi.The disease is usually transmitted by infected ticks (vectors), but the bacteria can also get transmitted from other infected insects such as mosquitoes and fleas.
Allergic dermatitis (FAD)
The flea allergy dermatitis (FAD), is the most common allergic, itchy skin dermatitis worldwide for dogs. It occurs in animals that have immunologically sensitized to antigens of flea saliva.
Chart of infectious periods
Biting insects & parasites can cause multi-dimensional health problems to dogs and cats as they might be vectors of serious diseases that can sometimes be fatal to the animal. Those diseases spread widely, especially in warm climates. Some of the most dangerous and well known diseases caused by insects and ectoparasites are Leishmaniasis, Dirofilariasis, Ehrlichiosis, Cestodes (tapeworms), Flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) and Lyme disease.